Maurice Tabard (born 1897, died 1984) traveled from his native France to the United States with his family in 1914. His father was employed in a silk mill, and Maurice studied silk design and painting. He soon became interested in photography and studied under Emil Brunel at the New York Institute of Photography in 1916.
His travels and a variety of jobs took him to Baltimore and Washington, DC where he did portraiture, including a portrait of President Coolidge's family.
In 1927, he returned to Paris with the intent of working in fashion photography, but meeting influential photographer Man Ray, he plunged head first into the Surrealist movement with friends painter Rene Magritte and writer Phillipe Soupault. His experiments with foreshortening, photomontages, multiple exposures, and other techniques led to many complex and highly collected works, surveyed in a video retrospective of his work (click here to view).